A seizure is caused by abnormally excited electrical signals in the brain that lead to changes in feelings, levels of consciousness or behavior. Recurrent seizure episodes is a known sign of epilepsy, however, there are other factors that cause seizures. A seizure may occur after a stroke, a closed head injury, or due to diseases such as meningitis.
Jerking and uncontrollable movements of limbs are common signs of seizures, however, others such as staring spells, unconsciousness, fear, anxiety and temporary confusion commonly manifest during seizures. The type of seizure determines the severity and symptoms that follow. If you are injured during a seizure, have difficulty breathing, have an extended period of unconsciousness after a seizure, have a high fever or you a pregnant, please seek immediate medical help.
There are two broad types of seizures: focal seizures and generalized seizures. Seizures are diagnosed through a review of patients’ symptoms and medical history and tests such as Electroencephalogram (EEG), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) scan, among others. At Heritage Neurology, our stand out for exceptional EEG testing services. Our neurologist and his team will determine the nature of the seizure and work closely with you to provide the best treatment with the fewest side effect. Treatment options include anti-seizure medication, surgery, neurostimulation or dietary therapy.