A headache refers to pain or discomfort around the head or face. A headache may manifest as sharp pain, throbbing sensation or dull aches in the head region. They can occur suddenly or gradually and may last from less than an hour to several days. Headaches vary based on the location, intensity, and frequency. There are two broad categories of headaches; primary headaches and secondary headaches. A primary headache is the main medical problem and is not based on or due to other medical conditions. Examples include migraines, tension headaches, and cluster headaches. On the other hand, secondary headaches are caused by underlying medical problems such as disorders of the brain, eyes, neck, jaw, teeth or neck.
Headaches are diagnosed through a detailed history and physical examination or diagnostic testing. Diagnostic tests include Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Sinus X-rays, Computed Tomography (CT) Scan, or blood tests. At Heritage Neurology, our ultimate treatment goal is to stop your headaches from occurring. Thus, our doctors will examine various factors to determine the most effective type of treatment for your headache. Some of such factors are your age, your health history, the type of headache, the headache triggers, the severity and frequency, your tolerance for specific medications or procedures, and your opinion. It is, however, important to note that full recovery depends on the underlying condition causing the headache and other medical problems that may be present.